HOW TO TAKE CARE OF YOUR FLORARIUMS
The main feature of florariums is that a microclimate that the flowers are used to in the wild nature is recreated.
For example sealed forms are the best fit for moisture-loving plants (orchids, ferns, bonsai) that are used to high level of humidity.
Succulents on the other hand prefer lower level of humidity so for them we choose open forms.
The golden rule when watering florariums is: it's better to use too little water, since too much is the problem number one. You should know that florariums is an autonomous and sealed ecosystem that has no drainage holes. Any excess water will thus remain at the roots. This may cause rotting of the roots and eventually even death of the plant.
If you, however, accidentally overwatered your florarium you can always get rid of the excess water with paper towels or newspaper. They absorb moisture effectively. Alternatively you can place your florarium in a sunny spot. This will speed up moisture evaporation.
The best method of watering your florariums right is to observe the plants. If leaves look dry, turn brown or slow down growth you can be sure they are thirsty.
It is best to use filtered water.
Succulents love light. Without enough of it they grow ugly, sometimes not event looking like their original sort.
Their color is directly dependent on lighting conditions. Light shortage will result in their color fading away.
Unfortunately your succulents won't have enough light in winter regardless, so they will end up stretching towards the light even when on a windowsill.
For the plants to keep pleasing you you need to add more light. This does not really require any special equipment. Just a simple desk lamp will do the job. But you need to install a cold light LED bulb into it. It's best to use a more powerful one: 10W, 12W or 16W. Since LED light bulbs don't produce heat you can put it right next to the plant for 16 hours during the day and let the plant rest in the night.
When well lit your plants will stay fit, vibrant, well-shaped and beautiful.
If artificial light is not an option simply leave the florarium on the windowsill, cut down on watering to provide bare minimum for sustaining life but not growth and wait for the summer.
And in the summer place your florarium on the balcony or anywhere outside. Long story short, closer to light and wind! They will turn prettier in mere two weeks.
WINTER TIME CARE
In winter it is best to store your plants on a warm balcony, where temperature won't drop lower than +5ºC.
You can simply forget about your plant until spring. In these conditions plant's life processes slow down and watering won't be necessary anymore.
If you you don't have any such place simply place the florarium on a windowsill and minimize watering as the plants will stretch towards to light otherwise.
If plants like their florarium conditions they will grow and occupy more and more space. Since that space is limited the growth can't go on forever. You will have to trim your plant to preserve their decorative looks. At the same time trimming of certain plants can cause them to spawn side sprouts or become more bushy which can add to the beauty.
You should also trim the parts that show signs of bacterial or fungal decease to prevent them spreading to the rest of the plant.
Never leave the trimmed bits on the soil, always remove them from the the florarium.
For succulents that live in a florarium fertilization is not needed.
First of all fertilizers won't make them pretty. Secondly, our goal is to actually slow down growth and keep the miniature looks for as long as possible.
If your succulents are, however, in the same pot since more than a year you can use fertilizers. That is usually done in the active growth phase from spring to autumn.